On this trip, we caught wind of a new hardware system being developed called System 11. It was the little brother of the more robust System 22. Lower priced and less powerful, it would help bring 3D games to the American street market. This marked the beginning of a special relationship with Sony that would become a double-edged sword (Sony PlayStation).

Game Development Begins

Within weeks of returning to the states, I received an obscure videotape of 3D modeling tests. Rotating blocky bodies and heads, along with 2D backgrounds. I was encouraged because at least it had an inkling of being a fighting game. This was the dawn of Tekken.

SCN_0004LoSCN_0009LoHere are some photos from an experimental motion capture process. I’m not sure for which version of Tekken these were taken, but it’s a safe bet they are not later than Tekken 3.

There wasn’t a lot of time for iteration and experimentation. The time difference between California and Tokyo worked well. Kohei sent me projects and questions from producer Hajime Nakatani via fax at the end of each day. They were on my desk each morning and I worked on them while they slept in Japan. My evening phone call with Kohei would discuss my return fax and any outstanding issues.

SCN_0015LoSCN_0011LoCharacter development moved fast. Most all of the concept characters were used in the final game. My favorite was Marshall Law because I named him (glad Mr. Nakatani liked it) and he bore a striking resemblance to Bruce Lee.

Tekken Arcade 8The real genius of Tekken was in the fighting game engine. It added a whole new level of control and depth in fighting games. Tekken was designed to encourage more close fighting than its contemporaries.

Tekken (“Iron Fist”) was the first video game with a Japanese name to succeed in the US market. I argued against the name, but the team loved it. It’s a good thing the game was a hit in America or else the foreign name would have been viewed as a marketing faux pas.

Tekken was released in December of 1994. A remarkable feat when considering in late 1993, testing and character modeling on a new 3D hardware was still in the experimental stage.

Unlockable Characters

Tekken included a system to unlock secret characters. To unlock all characters, players needed to defeat all opponents with each default character. New characters kept the game fresh and contributed to long-term retention.

In Tekken 2, using the game’s internal clock I devised a “Time Release System”. It helped incentivize game operators to purchase games sooner rather than later. The systematic release of additional characters was based on the length of time the game was in “operation”. This meant “on location” and plugged in. Those games had a marketing advantage over games still in the box.  Locations with more of the added characters benefitted due to the huge interest in new characters. In contrast, the Japanese market used this clock differently. They synchronized the timing of each new character released, regardless of how long a game was in operation. I believed this had marketing benefits for the console market, but not for arcades.

Continue reading ➢

pages: 1 2 3 4

7 Responses to Tekken History: The Making of Tekken

  1. Stephanie says:

    How fabulous to be integral to this successful venture with your vision. I enjoyed this story. Great product manager!

  2. Geoff Glendenning says:

    Hi Jerry, great article!!! I loved Tekken at the arcade and launched it on PS1 when I was at Sony EMEA.

    Here’s the commercial we did back in 1996:)


    When Soul Edge, although I know it as Soul Blade, was released, I thought it was, and still is arguably the best fighting game. Not simply because it had the 3D freedom of the arena (Battle Arena Toshinden, which was an early PS1 release had this), but it was more that with practice you could actually block your opponents moves, not by accident, but because of the brilliant design and control.

    I believe that this genre is ready for a new lease of life!?

    Cheers. Geoff

    • Jerry Momoda says:

      Awesome commercial Geoff! That Yoshimitsu is one bad man! Nice technical work on Yoshimitsu’s sit spins.

      I’m partial to Tekken as #1, but you can understand why. Tekken definitely is ready for a “new lease on life” as you say. Been waiting for some true innovation in the category. Soul Calibur may have missed the boat by not capitalizing on “Game of Thrones”, but that was (and still could be) a window of opportunity.

  3. tekke_n_ostalgia says:

    Great read. In a bout of nostalgia I started to play Tekken 1 again and found it very enjoyable to play the characters with the moves that defined them then and now in many ways, and reading this and the recommended articles made me appreciate Tekken even more.

    Reading the text I noticed that you gave Marshall Law his name, do you maybe remember why that name in particular?

    • Jerry Momoda says:

      Thanks for reading! If memory serves me right, Marshall Law was originally named Forest. At the time, who knew there would be sequels? I suggested the name Marshall Law because it was a play on the term “martial law”. Quoting Wikipedia, “martial law is the imposition of direct military control of normal civilian functions of government, especially in response to a temporary emergency such as invasion or major disaster, or in an occupied territory”. I also thought of both U.S. Marshall (law enforcement agency), and a town marshall, the keeper of the peace in western movies. Familiar with the name Marshall used as both a first and last name, I thought it was perfect. And fortunately, Mr. Nakatani (producer) approved it.

      Mr. Ishii designed an absolute masterpiece. At the outset of joining Namco in 1993, I saw potential for a fighting game to compete with Mortal Kombat and Virtua Fighter. As I read the initial design document, and the four-button arms/feet concept, I thought it was brilliant. But if not for the System 11 3D hardware (less expensive version of System 12 and a precursor to PS1), I question if Tekken would have been as successful.

      Thank you for your appreciation of the game.

      • tekke_n_ostalgia says:

        Thank you for taking the time to respond!

        Law’s name always did remind me of Matrial Arts, and the word Law as “the one who rules”, or as “the one who is the best”, so “best martial art/artist”.

        Also, thank you for sharing this, yet another important gem in the lore.

        And their ability to also port it to PS1 hardware and fit all that onto a CD is amazing. So many stars had to be aligned and many people open minded for that to succeed, it boggles the mind.

        For me it was indeed the mix of unique characters that made me notice the game, and the controls that made me stick to the game.

        I remember recording VHS tapes of endings, and grabs as a compilation just to make the wait until next renting of PS1.

        To see Tekken grow into such a powerful title and to grow along side it as well is an honor.

        And I can’t even begin to imagine how awesome it feels to be there contributing, suggesting and deciding at the most crucial of the times for Tekken, well done sir! 🙂

        • Jerry Momoda says:

          Thanks for your comments and appreciation of Tekken. I’ll expand a bit more for you on the early development. Shortly after returning from Japan where I pitched the game concept, I received a key VHS tape. It contained a test, showing a rotating blocky human torso. Crude and not a game whatsoever, it affirmed that my presentation had an impact on management. Engineering commenced work on a project that would one day would become Tekken. Mind you, Namco wasn’t the first to the 3D game party. Sega had already released Virtua Racer and Virtua Fighter. Until Tekken, Namco’s 3D efforts were all in the high-end driving game genre. For a fighting game to sell in North America, it had to be sold in a standard upright cabinet. Better yet, it needed to be kit-able to reuse older game cabinets. Bottom line, price competitive so that it could be sold as a PCB with artwork. Namco delivered, and a battle for 3D gaming superiority would ensue.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.